Special Sessions

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Several Special Sessions will be part of the CIDOC 2014 Conference. Invited speakers will present certain aspects of museum documentation in detail. You are welcome to participate!

The Special Sessions are:

SPECTRUM Going International. Museum Documentation and Collections Management (more information)
The Getty Vocabularies and Linked Open Data (more information)
Documentation in Archaeology (more information)

SPECTRUM Going International. Museum Documentation and Collections Management

14.00 – 14.20 Nick Poole, CEO Collections Trust, United Kingdom

Title: The SPECTRUM Community, SPECTRUM International and the SPECTRUM-I Roadmap.

Abstract: SPECTRUM is an open, and freely-available standard which defines and promotes best practice in the management and use of collections in cultural organisations such as museums, archives, and galleries.  Now in its 4th edition, SPECTRUM is used by more than 23,000 licensed users in 40 countries worldwide to improve the management, sustainability and use of their collections.
The SPECTRUM Community is an international community of organisations and individuals involved in the development, localisation and promotion of the standard. At the Community’s annual meeting in June this year, the challenges and opportunities presented by international projects involved in the translation and promotion of SPECTRUM were discussed.  As a result, the community agreed to create ‘SPECTRUM International’ or ‘SPECTRUM- I’; an expression of a ‘core’ international SPECTRUM standard, which will provide a ‘lingua franca’ for the non-commercial use and development of SPECTRUM by the Community.

Biography: Nick is the CEO of Collections Trust, where he is responsible for defining organisational strategy and championing professional Collections Management. He is Chair of the Europeana Network, a cross-industry community for the cultural and creative industries in Europe. Nick is also the current Treasurer of the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP). He is the former Chair of ICOM UK, and a former Trustee of the UK Museums Association.

 14.20 - 14.40 Alexandre Matos, Director of the Research and Training Department, Sistemas do Futuro, Portugal

Title: SPECTRUM: A Desirable Network for Portuguese Spoken Museums.

Abstract: SPECTRUM is a fantastic standard used in many countries and museums that we've translated to Portuguese with our Brazilian partners to create a tool even more simple for the Portuguese and Brazilian museums. Our next, and ambitious, step is the creation of a network in both countries (with other Portuguese speaking countries, like Angola and Mozambique, for example) that could help the international SPECTRUM community with the standard development and help itself (SPECTRUM PT) to provide our museums better collections management.

Biography: Alexandre is Director of the Research and Training department at Sistemas do Futuro, Portugal. He holds a PhD in Museology from the “Faculdade de Letras” University of Porto, where he presented the thesis "SPECTRUM: A standard management collections for Portuguese museums", approved unanimously and with distinction on 18 February 2013 and he’s also Affiliate Professor at the “Departamento de Ciências e Técnicas do Patrimóonio” in the same faculty since September 2013.
Its activity, professional and academic, has been conducted through the research on standardization in the management and documentation of cultural heritage. He’s the project coordinator of Museums Portugal (www.museusportugal.org) and author of the blog Mouseion (www.mouseion.pt). He is also involved actively in the Portuguese translation of SPECTRUM with the Science Museum of Coimbra University and with the Brazilian partners of Collections Trust.

14.40 – 15.10 Bård Bie-Larsen, Senior Adviser, Arts Council Norway:

Title: Adopting the SPECTRUM Standard in Norway

Abstract: The Arts Council Norway has recently become a SPECTRUM National Partner, and is beginning its own project to translate the SPECTRUM standard. This presentation will outline a recent project in Norway to assess and evaluate the use of SPECTRUM in Norway, and give further details about the translation project, and plans to support the SPECTRUM Community.

15.10 – 15.30 Richard Light, Cultural Heritage Information Systems Consultant

Title: Towards SPECTRUM International

Abstract: This presentation will outline the practical steps that are being taken in support of the decision by the SPECTRUM Community meeting to work towards creating “SPECTRUM International”.

Biography: Richard is an independent Cultural Heritage Information Systems consultant, specializing in markup technologies and Linked Data.  As well as undertaking projects for a range of cultural heritage institutions (e.g. Wordsworth Trust, the National Trust) he maintains a development partnership with the non-profit Modes Users Association.  He has been active within CIDOC for more than 30 years, and until last year he chaired CIDOC's Documentation Standards Working Group.

The Getty Vocabularies and Linked Open Data

Issues and Solution

Patricia Harpring (Getty Research Institute, J. Paul Getty Trust, USA), Joan Cobb (Information Technology Services, J. Paul Getty Trust, USA), Gregg Garcia (Information Technology Services, J. Paul Getty Trust, USA), Vladimir Alexiev (Data and Ontology Management Group, Ontotext Corp, Bulgaria)

This session discusses the issues that are involved in preparing the Getty vocabularies for publication in the Linked Open Data (LOD) cloud. The Getty vocabularies expressed as LOD will allow holders of cultural heritage information to refer to Getty concepts using stable URLs, therefore enabling better discovery and retrieval in the LOD cloud. It also publishes the synonyms, terms in various languages, revision histories, and thesaural relationships in a machine-readable way. The Art & Architecture Thesaurus® (AAT) was published as LOD in February 2014. The Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names® (TGN) will be published as LOD a few weeks prior to CIDOC 2014. The Union List of Artist Names® (ULAN) and the Cultural Objects Name Authority® (CONA) will be published as LOD in 2015.
Publishing existing data as LOD is neither simple nor easy. Our thesauri were developed over decades according to rigorous technical and intellectual standards. The Getty Vocabulary Program had to analyze, map, and otherwise prepare this controlled vocabulary data for release as LOD, resolving numerous issues in the process. To express the richness of the data, the Getty technical team and consultants engaged in intense analysis and long hours of work.
Some of the editorial and technical issues we will be addressing in this session include the following: determining which existing ontologies and open data license best suited the characteristics of the data and priorities of the institution; representation of various kinds of hierarchical and associative relations; historic applicability;  multilingual terms;  sources and contributors; revisions; redirection of obsolete concepts. The ontologies that we used include SKOS, SKOS-XL, ISO 25964; DC, DCT, BIBO, FOAF and PROV. We contributed to the newest ISO ontology for thesaurus description (ISO 25964), developed an additional "GVP" ontology, and addressed semantic resolution.
We will begin with a brief description of the scope of each vocabulary including examples from our International Terminology Working Group partners who are currently working to translate the AAT into Chinese, Dutch, German, and Spanish. The main part of the sessions will be dedicated to the issues and solutions relating to the LOD publication process.  We will describe the semantic model, the ontologies we used and some of the additional features we offer such as full-text search, comprehensive semantic description of the dataset and SPARQL endpoint, extensive sample SPARQL queries, and downloads of RDF files per entity or as whole sets.

Patricia Harpring is the Managing Editor of the Getty Vocabulary Program, which produces the Art & Architecture Thesaurus (AAT), Union List of Artist Names (ULAN), Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN), and Cultural Objects Name Authority (CONA). She is co-editor of CCO (Cataloging Cultural Objects) and CDWA (Categories for the Description of Works of Art. She is the author of Introduction to Controlled Vocabularies, as well as of editorial rules for building vocabularies, numerous papers and presentations on cataloging art, controlled vocabularies, and data standards. She holds a PhD in Art History from Indiana University and is the author of The Sienese Trecento Painter Bartolo di Fredi.

Joan Cobb is a Senior Project Manager with the Information Technology Services division of the J. Paul Getty Trust. Since joining the Getty in 1990, Joan has played a primary role in the design and development of software for a variety of technologies necessary to support the growth and usage of the Getty Vocabularies and AATA Online. She now leads the project to publish these datasets as Linked Open Data. Joan came to the Getty with a background in an array of programming and design experiences, ranging from academic and medical research to energy management and hazardous chemical tracking. She began her career in computing technology after more than a decade as a teacher and master teacher with the public school system and government/industry sponsored programs.

Gregg Garcia is a Senior Software Engineer with the Information Technology Services division of the J. Paul Getty Trust. He has been the lead engineer for all of the applications associated with the Getty Vocabularies since the year 2000. He has also worked on a variety of other Getty systems during his tenure including collection management systems and abstracting and indexing applications. Gregg originally came to the Getty from the U.S. Department of Defense where he performed project management functions for software development contracts. He holds a Masters degree in Aeronautical Engineering from California Polytechnic University Pomona and is a graduate of the United States Air Force Academy.

Vladimir Alexiev leads the Data and Ontology Management (DOM) group of Ontotext Corp where he works on a wide range of projects related to cultural heritage. He has 25 years of IT experience in various business domains, from Customs and Excise, to Personal Finance workflows, to Legal Procedures and Statistics, to Cultural Heritage. He has strong experience with semantic technologies, ontology engineering, metadata standards, vocabularies and thesauri. He holds a PhD in computing science from the University of Alberta, an MS in computer science from the Technical University of Sofia,  and a PMP certification. He is one of the founders of Sirma Group Holding, the largest private Bulgarian IT group, and the parent company of Ontotext. He is a Master-level lecturer in IT PM at New Bulgarian University.

 

Documentation in Archaeology

In the Special Session Archaeology the Archaeological Heritage Office Saxony would like to introduce itself as the host and co-organizer of the CIDOC 2014 conference in Dresden.

The main topics of this session will be the 3D documentation of archaeological finds as well as that of excavated structures. The development of a nationwide standard terminology for archaeological objects to be used in databases will also be a major topic.

Since several years the Archaeological Heritage Office Saxony engages in research on these topics, of which during this session specific archaeological aspects will be presented. The archaeological focus points are derived from the routine duties of an institution that needs to handle millions of stored archaeological objects as well as the results of over 100 excavations per year.

To cover many aspects of the topic, members of the Archaeological Heritage Office Saxony as well as colleagues of other institutions will present, discuss and extend the archaeological aspects and developmental perspectives of the above introduced topics.

SPECTRUM- I : Taking SPECTRUM Forward Internationally

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14.00 – 14.20 Nick Poole, CEO Collections Trust, United Kingdom

Title: The SPECTRUM Community, SPECTRUM International and the SPECTRUM-I Roadmap.

Abstract: SPECTRUM is an open, and freely-available standard which defines and promotes best practice in the management and use of collections in cultural organisations such as museums, archives, and galleries.  Now in its 4th edition, SPECTRUM is used by more than 23,000 licensed users in 40 countries worldwide to improve the management, sustainability and use of their collections.

The SPECTRUM Community is an international community of organisations and individuals involved in the development, localisation and promotion of the standard. At the Community’s annual meeting in June this year, the challenges and opportunities presented by international projects involved in the translation and promotion of SPECTRUM were discussed.  As a result, the community agreed to create ‘SPECTRUM International’ or ‘SPECTRUM- I’; an expression of a ‘core’ international SPECTRUM standard, which will provide a ‘lingua franca’ for the non-commercial use and development of SPECTRUM by the Community.